Kindergarten Redshirting – Smart Strategy or Educational Quackery?

The practice of parents waiting until their children are 6 to enroll them in kindergarten has become so widespread that CBS’ 60 Minutes has taken note.

The practice of parents waiting until their children are 6 to enroll them in kindergarten has become so widespread that CBS’ 60 Minutes has taken note.

Parents who follow this practice told correspondent Morley Safer that it gives their child a competitive advantage over their younger classmates – both academically and on the sports field.

Safer said studies showed that boys are twice as likely to be held back by their parents as girls, whites more than minorities, and rich more than the poor.

The concept is taken from college sports, where athletes will practice with the team for the first year but sit out competition while they get bigger, stronger, and more competitive. In Malcolm Gladwell’s book, Outliers, he shows that a disproportionate number of successful young hockey players in Canada were born earlier in the year, and the effect continues all the way up to the National Hockey League.

While this approach may work with athletes, the research on kindergarten redshirting, as the practice is called, is mixed. Safer interviewed the author of a recent Canadian study who found that redshirting can yield positive academic outcomes. But other experts disagreed, insisting that academic gains are not sustained in later grades and that there may be an increase in social and
behavioral problems when older and bigger students enter puberty. Samuel Meisels, president of Chicago's Erikson Institute, said that while redshirting may be appropriate for some children, it is “educational quackery.”

Age appropriateness is something I’ve pondered since my mother told me that I had “missed the deadline” for kindergarten by three weeks. I don’t know whether I would have done as well in elementary school if I had not missed the cut-off and started kindergarten a year earlier, but I know that I did well enough to qualify later for the “Special Progress” class in junior high school, which enabled students to complete three years of junior high in two. Terrible idea!

I have long believed that essentially skipping eighth grade erased whatever edge I had and wreaked havoc on my self-confidence. But that’s an indictment of being pushed ahead, not being held back. My two oldest sons have August and October birthdays, while the third was born in March.  Did my third child appear to have an advantage when he entered kindergarten? Absolutely! But I don’t know if that was due to his early birthday or being raised in a family with older siblings. Redshirting was not an option back then, but my father, who was an elementary school principal, was of the opinion that early advantages generally equalized by third grade. I have found this to be true.

Redshirting clearly needs more study, but what disturbs me is the motivation behind it. Parents say they are leveling the playing field for their children, but what they are doing is creating an unfair playing field for the other kids who are age appropriate for their grade. And before their children even start school, they are setting up a competition with other students. Kids should be competing with themselves, encouraged to be the best they can be, not constantly looking over their shoulder at others. Schools should also be equipped to differentiate instruction, being able to meet the needs of varying individuals with different learning styles.

Actually, the average age of kindergarten entrants continues to rise, with 37 states now requiring that children be five when they enter kindergarten. The fact that school districts around the country differ widely in their cut-off dates for students entering kindergarten is a source of confusion for parents. Deadlines range from June 1 to December 31, so make sure you know what the date is in your community.

The decision of whether or not to hold a child back from kindergarten should be based on the individual youngster’s social, emotional, and academic needs and development, not on a parent-instigated race with other kids. Parents know their children best, and should also take into account what the child will be doing if he/she is not in kindergarten. Here, parents with resources have a clear advantage in providing alternative educational experiences.

Sending your child to kindergarten is an important milestone for you and your child. Here are some ways you can help prepare your child for kindergarten:

  • While teachers are happy when children enter kindergarten knowing letters and numbers, they do not want you to drill your child. Kindergarten teachers look for their students to have readiness skills; these are the building blocks that will enable your child to love learning and to succeed in school. You can prepare your child with readiness skills through his/her daily activities.


  • Does your child approach learning enthusiastically and is he curious? Is she eager to explore, discover, and ask questions? Point out your child’s surroundings, including flowers, trees, birds, people, etc., and take time to encourage and answer her questions.


  • Hand-in-hand with curiosity and discovery go language skills. Help your child build his vocabulary by giving him words and descriptions as he observes and experiences his surroundings. Additionally, activities, such as visits to the beach, park, beach, children’s museum, or zoo, present many opportunities for you to help him develop language skills.


  • Kindergarten teachers will be pleased if your child has the ability to listen. Read to your child every day, and engage her by asking questions about the book.  Besides nurturing vocabulary and comprehension, reading develops the listening skills necessary in a kindergarten classroom.


  • Encouraging your child to take care of himself will prepare him for kindergarten. For example, although it’s easier to hang up your son’s coat yourself, his kindergarten teacher will want your child to do it. She cannot take off the boots and hang up the coats of 25 students. Help your child to become ready for school by teaching him to do such tasks as going to
    the bathroom himself and washing his hands, and opening up a juice box and putting the straw in.  Perhaps if he attends pre-school, he has already mastered these skills.


  • Kindergarten is about socialization, so help your child get ready by encouraging him to share, take turns, and understand the rights, space, and feelings of others.


  • It’s important for kindergarten students to have good eye-hand coordination. Many kindergarten activities involve coloring, cutting, pasting, and writing with a pencil. Playing with clay or Play-Doh, writing, coloring, painting, pasting, and stringing beads are examples of activities that will get your child ready for kindergarten.


  • Kindergarten teachers will teach their students how to write and recognize letter sounds. But they are happy when their students come to school knowing how to count to 10, and know shapes and colors. If your child attends pre-school, this is usually well covered there.


Redshirting: Holding kids back from kindergarten- 60 Minutes - CBS News http://www.cbsnews.com/video/watch/?id=7400898n&tag=contentMain;contentAux

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Susan Greco March 13, 2012 at 03:51 AM
Twenty years ago it was not common to keep your child home an extra year, nor was it called "Redshirting" when you did. (Actually, twenty years ago, very few people in my experience did it.) My son made the cut off date of 12-1 for starting kindergarten by one day and I chose not to send him to kindergarten that year, instead starting him the following one. My decision had something to do with listening to my mother say for years, that she should not have had my younger brother, who was an August birthday, start school after having just turned 5. My decision had everything to do with wanting my son to be a leader, rather than a follower though. It wasn't so much kindergarten that I was concerned with. I was thinking forward to high school, and wanting him to be older, rather than younger in the hope that he would also make better decisions. It was the right decision to make for him and would do so again in a minute.
Deborah G Flynn March 13, 2012 at 05:54 PM
Absolute nonsense. I went to kindergarten as a 4 year old graduated way ahead of the other kids had a better work ethic and generally smarter because I was taught to read early. This is the most nonsensical parent interference and schools that allow it are more of the liberal BS of letting the nuts run the nuthouse. Good luck America competeing in the real world where kids are pampered and held back.
Vito March 13, 2012 at 06:00 PM
Your nasty response to a thoughtful reply speaks volumes about your claim of being "generally smarter".
Deborah G Flynn March 13, 2012 at 06:29 PM
Nasty? Perhaps your education didn't allow you to learn about dry humor.The fact is I have seen over and over these pampered kids can't hold their own in the real world because they are always being "watched" out for. Let the kids hash it out. You only need interfere is there is bullying. The fact you have older bigger children leads to that. Bullies are generally made by their Mommies.
Vito March 13, 2012 at 06:47 PM
I actually don't disagree with your opinion, just the way you chose to make it.
Deborah G Flynn March 13, 2012 at 06:56 PM
I have zero tolorance for "Mommie" type who have zero understanding of how the real world works. I have a business assoicate whose daughter is 23 years old , hold an advanced economic degree and speaks Mandarin, Russian and Englih perfectly. .........She isChinese, has her own business laready is self sufficient etc. They start their kids at 4 push them to learn and be ultra disciplined. It shows . She is a delight and I have no problems doing business with her. There isn't a kid I know of in the USA who can hold a candle to her. My opinion? AMerican kids are falling behind because of A] Teachers unions and B] Mommies who coddle them and worry about their ":Self Esteem" Get over it they'll learn what the real world is like or be part of those whiney demanding "Occupy" kids who think the world owes them a living and an education.No one coddled me , I had a great family life, my self esteem came from achievements not because someone made sure things were "Fair"
good taste March 13, 2012 at 10:28 PM
Each child is an individual. Some children are not ready for kindergarten when they are barely five years old and some are. Those of you who are writing against treating each child as an individual in this decision, seem so angry and aggressive in your responses...why is that? I don't like the term "redshirting"...it seems so condescending.
Susan Greco March 14, 2012 at 10:14 PM
Gee, Deborah....thanks so much for that snarky remark. Apparently my education did not prepare me for your "dry" attempt at humor either. Let me reiterate in case you misunderstood. I did not keep my child home an extra year, twenty years ago, because I wanted to give him an advantage other children might not have. I kept him home because he made the cut-off date of 12-1 by ONE DAY and I wanted to make sure that he was successful both academically, and socially. He was not a bully, he was not exceptionally bigger than anyone else in his grade, he does not wish to run for President and he is not a doofus. However, he was a really great soccer player and played "up" a league with older kids, rather than with the younger ones. He was a B student in school, and most importantly being a little older than his classmates, he was better at evaluating situations and making sound decisions. THAT, was my main reason for keeping him home an extra year! I am not in favor of keeping children who are clearly ready to start school, home an extra year just to give them an advantage over others. I AM in favor of keeping children home though, who are clearly not ready. However, yay for you...that you started school at 4 and graduated way ahead of all the other kids! I'm sure they still remember you.
Deborah G Flynn March 14, 2012 at 10:33 PM
Who cares? that's the point I never needed validation or being remebered in school. My own self esteem comes from achieving. I had my own business at 17 and still have it to this day. I have masters and PHD . I have no understanding of the Mommy types who worry about trivial things like is a kid ready for Kindergarten for God's sake! that's whats wrong with this country. They are kids they will get it if you let them and stop pampering them
Deborah G Flynn March 14, 2012 at 10:38 PM
BTW My own kids went when they were told to. Period. They don't lack self esteem either. My son is an AeroSpace engineer at NASA and my Daughter is regional manager for FedEX. They acheived because it was expected of them NOT to be a drain on their family or society and certainly not to whine about how they needed "MOMMY based affirmative action. The kids these days are a disgrace and we are so far behind academically in the real world. world. Mommy Types don't help and teachers unions should be banned.
greatsouthbay March 14, 2012 at 11:03 PM
Perhaps starting school at the age of four makes one angry and combative??
Deborah G Flynn March 14, 2012 at 11:55 PM
I'm not the least bit angry I am direct and absolutely vocal about Mommy Types who coddle kids in this world. You can be a great mom but when you want to change the rules for your kid it simply teaches them from the start if they aren't "ready" for God's sake don't try just let Mommy handle it and make it easier for you. My parents were fabulous. They weren't critcal or overbearing they just were great people who believed their was a reason to follow the rules and work towards goals.i am not for "dumbing" down American kids they get crappy educations now anyway with these union drones.
Susan Greco March 14, 2012 at 11:55 PM
It would seem so....
good taste March 15, 2012 at 12:39 AM
Deborah, Did you ever learn to proof read your angry rantings? So many mistakes with grammar, run-on sentences, spelling (..."who believed there was a reason-not "their"), and no use of commas. Clearly being taught to read early isn't all it's cracked up to be!!!
K. Dougan March 15, 2012 at 02:27 PM
How about at least googling "kindergarten redshirting" and seeing the research that has been conducted in the last 5 years.
K. Dougan March 15, 2012 at 02:45 PM
Here is one: http://cnx.org/content/m37382/latest/
Deborah G Flynn March 15, 2012 at 03:10 PM
I am familiar with it but y reasons stand. Just because someone has done a "STUDY" which I am well familiar with , it is just that . Not as valuable as seeing with your own eyes., America has become too liberal with kids and their educations. The unions have destrooyed incentives to be great teachers. Do you know they are llowed an hour each day for union activities? That has no place in school. They work 2/3rds of a year. This is the best I can say about their skills.Now we want to destroy the invcentives for kids to actually be something when they grow up. I'm dead set against "Affirmative Action" or interference in any way. Say what you like , its America you are free to do what you want with your kids...........When the Occupy Wall street with a sense of entitlement and no personal resonsibility for their lack of skills you can bask in the knowledge you helped them get there.
mary March 15, 2012 at 06:06 PM
Deborah. I know what you are attempting to say and while I do agree with some of it, you are a little misguided in other areas. I held my son back from entering kindergarten for his slated year as he had a very difficult time with letters, numbers, etc. I can assure you it had nothing to do with athletics or "getting a leg up" on the competition. It also had nothing to do with coddling my son. My husband and I were fully prepared to send him off to school, had he been ready. To this day, he struggles academically and athletically. There are many different reasons why a parent retains their child. Be very grateful that you and your children are so acaemically gifted. I am sure you don't mean so sound so judgmental, but I can assure you, that is the impact of your message.
Deborah G Flynn March 16, 2012 at 09:12 AM
Actually my kids were simply average in school, they were just taught to keep trying. They were never allowed to give excuses for lack of effort. They achieved with tenacity not because they were brilliant. My son worked every year in the summmer as a intern there, we taught him to be useful and an asset to his employer. He was vsisble and worked his tail off to stay in a hard program. Now he is head of a large group there. My daughter was barely a B student but she found an area she excelled in and that was managing people. She showed FedEX she was a great employee and stuck to it. She did it. A success, not because she was an Einstein but because she learned life isn't fair and how to deal with that.
Miss Bonnie March 18, 2012 at 06:40 AM
I have been a preschool teacber for 20 years and a kindergarten teacher before that,to truly give children a positive start in education you must make the decision of readiness an individualized decision. Some kids are more than ready at a younger age, some are not. To start off struggling sets the tone for years to come. This article had some excellent ideas to help your child get ready for Kindergarten.


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